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Deutsch england

deutsch england

England ist der größte und am dichtesten besiedelte Landesteil im Vereinigten Königreich im Nordwesten Europas. England umfasst den größten Teil des. Übersetzung für 'England' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Landschaften und wunderschöne Küsten – in Großbritannien gibt es eine Menge zu entdecken. Erkunden Sie die Regionen England, Schottland und Wales. See also schools in the former Soviet Union. He was the first player to win deutsch england four Grand Slam singles win de [] and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup potsdam casino. These were created in laurax Government Officesused by the UK government to deliver a wide range of policies and programmes regionally, but there are no elected bodies at this level, except in London, and in the regional government offices were abolished. Origins of the British. English is an influence on, and has been influenced by many different languages. Retrieved 9 March After many battles, King Alfred the Great of Wessex became king of the whole of England, and the old kingdoms Mercia, Northumberlandetc. Edit bookings Edit personal wm ergebnisse gruppen Amend Kolumbien wm data. Retrieved 17 January Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 14 May International schools in the United Kingdom.

Deutsch england -

Es werden teilweise auch Cookies von Diensten Dritter gesetzt. Vermissen Sie ein Stichwort, eine Wendung oder eine Übersetzung? Die kältesten Monate sind Januar und Februar, während der August, teilweise im kontinentaleren Osten auch der Juli, normalerweise der wärmste Monat ist. London 18 Deutsch jobs nationwide. Einwohner in Greater London auf nur 1,3 Prozent der Gesamtfläche leben. Jedoch gibt es, insbesondere nach der gescheiterten Unabhängigkeitsabstimmung in Schottland, Diskussionen, wie auch England im Rahmen der Devolution besser berücksichtigt werden kann. Lage Englands innerhalb des Vereinigten Königreichs. Das britische Fremdenverkehrsamt mit der Geschäftsbezeichnung VisitBritain win de Ihre Angaben sicher auf und verkauft diese nicht an Dritte weiter. Monate mit mildem bis warmem Wetter sind Atlantic casino club bonus code, September und Oktober. View all Booking casino fh potsdam - London jobs Salary Search: Die kontinentalen Strömungen, laurax nach dem Beginn des Während der Zeit der Zugehörigkeit Irlands zum Vereinigten Königreich — nahm der katholische Bevölkerungsanteil durch Zuwanderung aus Irland stark zu.

Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 10 December Entry on Sciencemuseum website. Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 4 October The persistence of Victorian liberalism: The Politics of Social Reform in Britain, — From Abolition to the Vote".

Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle". Retrieved 2 December Devolution and Constitutional Change in the United Kingdom".

The Journal of Federalism. Retrieved 4 February Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 16 August Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original PDF on 17 January Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original PDF on 5 December Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 22 November Retrieved 17 August Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 6 December Retrieved 8 September Archived from the original on 27 October Archived from the original on 14 January Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 5 February Cathedral cities in the UK".

Archived from the original on 12 August City of London Corporation. Archived from the original PDF on 7 October Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 17 September Retrieved 22 June Retrieved 27 April Archived from the original on 13 July Archived from the original on 8 July Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 11 June Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 7 October Retrieved 8 October Archived from the original on 12 September Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 8 December Archived from the original on 15 April The Stockton and Darlington Railway.

The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 19 May Retrieved 23 March House of Commons Library. Archived from the original PDF on 1 October Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 20 July Analytical Report for the ".

Archived from the original on 15 July The New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 May The Reality of the Myth. Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 29 July Archived from the original PDF on 19 July Archived from the original PDF on 26 June Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 17 January The Independent News Service.

Retrieved 23 April Archived from the original on 2 February Retrieved 16 October Archived from the original on 17 January Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 22 September Government Office South West.

Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 30 January Religion, local authorities in England and Wales".

Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 25 January The religious settlement that eventually emerged in the reign of Elizabeth gave the Church of England the distinctive identity that it has retained to this day.

It resulted in a Church that consciously retained a large amount of continuity with the Church of the Patristic and Medieval periods in terms of its use of the catholic creeds, its pattern of ministry, its buildings and aspects of its liturgy, but which also embodied Protestant insights in its theology and in the overall shape of its liturgical practice.

Archived from the original on 13 August Archived from the original on 21 July Jews and England" PDF. Archived from the original PDF on 21 July Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 16 September QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited.

Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 19 April Archived from the original on 13 January Archived from the original on 30 October Archived from the original on 27 February Archived from the original on 16 February Henry Moore and his successors".

Retrieved 14 May A Christmas carol p. Retrieved 25 October Archived from the original on 11 April Retrieved 10 August Archived from the original on 1 July Archived from the original on 27 May Pierre, Paul Matthew 1 April Music Hall Mimesis in British Film, — On the Halls on the Screen.

Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. Retrieved 2 November Archived from the original on 26 July Retrieved 9 March Alice in Wonderland , The Times , It was made under the personal supervision of Walt Disney, and he took special care when animating British fantasy.

He called them his "English Cycle". Institute of Historic Building Conservation. Archived from the original on 31 August Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 15 January Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 8 January Sport in Britain, — Ashes climax watched by a fraction of audience.

PGA Tour official website. Archived from the original on 28 August Scotland is the home of golf The Man Behind the Ryder Cup. From birth of lawn tennis to modern marvels CNN.

Retrieved 6 July Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 31 October Dan Wheldon killed in Las Vegas". Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 18 January Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 27 October Archived from the original on 9 September Museum of Rugby, Twickenham.

Archived from the original on 11 October Introduction to historical linguistics. England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, — Wordsworth Dictionary of Phrase and Fable.

A Guide to the New Metropolitan Authorities. Anglo-Saxon England, Volume The Life of William Cobbett. Two lives of Saint Cuthbert.

Forging the Nation, — The History of a Dynasty. The Kings and Queens of England. The Stories of English. Beatrix Potter to Harry Potter. The Age of Plantagenet and Valois: The Struggle for Supremacy, — The United Kingdom Today.

Education in the United Kingdom. The Black Death in England. Kaufman, Will; Macpherson, Heidi Britain and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History.

The earliest English kings. Keary, Charles Francis Outlines of primitive belief among the Indo-European races. Englishness in a post-devolved Britain.

Institute for Public Policy Research. The Great Song Thesaurus. Lyon, Bryce Dale A constitutional and legal history of medieval England.

A Book of the Beginnings, Vol. McNeil, Robina; Nevell, Michael Association for Industrial Archaeology. Writing the English Republic: Poetry, Rhetoric and Politics, — A to Z of STS scientists.

Facts on File Inc. Office for National Statistics The Official Handbook of the United Kingdom. Origins of the British.

An outline of European architecture. Redcliffe-Maud, John ; Wood, Bruce English Local Government Reformed. Reitan, Earl Aaron The Oxford illustrated history of English literature.

Every year students in the group choose a different charity to support and organise activities and projects to fundraise for it. As well as teaching the German curriculum the school promotes German culture.

Every school year there are readings by authors and poets and performances by musicians. The school has Osterbrunnen and Oktoberfest celebrations, as well as Weihnachtsmarkt , a Christmas fair.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. School in Petersham, London. Douglas House Petersham Road. Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 17 August Retrieved 13 September National Heritage List for England.

Retrieved 9 September Archived from the original on 29 September Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany London. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 12 September Archived from the original on 26 May Retrieved 26 May Archived from the original on 16 February Archived from the original on 10 June Retrieved 24 June Archived PDF from the original on 23 April While she was queen, England and Scotland were officially joined as one country.

This was called the Acts of Union It also merged their separate parliaments. Later Ireland fought against this merging and the Republic of Ireland , which is not quite the whole island called Ireland, became a separate country.

England is the only country of UK not to have its own government, Parliament or Assembly, but is governed by Parliament of the United Kingdom.

In Parliament England has the most seats. The English language is a West Germanic language spoken in many countries around the world.

With around million native speakers, it is the second most spoken language in the world , as a native language. As many as a billion people speak it as a second language.

English is an influence on, and has been influenced by many different languages. Some people in England speak other languages, such as Welsh.

All of Great Britain has an oceanic climate. The prevailing wind for most of the year is from the Atlantic , to the west of England.

Therefore, there is more rain on the western side of the country. The east is colder and drier than the west.

The country usually has a mild climate because the Gulf Stream to the western side is warm water. The climate is warmer than it was years ago, and now ice and snow are rare in the southern part of the country.

Occasionally, air from the Arctic Circle comes down the eastern side of the country and the temperature can drop below 0 o C.

The English football team won the World Cup in They came close in Italy , closely losing in the semi-final against West Germany on penalties.

In the World Cup they got to the quarter finals, then lost to Portugal after penalty kicks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

None de jure God Save the Queen de facto. Retrieved 18 May England under the Norman and Angevin kings, —

Deutsch England Video

Let's Play Eu4 Rule Britannia England deutsch #1 Der alte Feind

In the United Kingdom general election, , the Conservative Party won seats the Speaker of the House not being counted as a Conservative , more than any other party, though not enough to achieve an overall majority.

As the United Kingdom is a member of the European Union, there are elections held regionally in England to decide who is sent as Members of the European Parliament.

Since devolution , in which other countries of the United Kingdom — Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland — each have their own devolved parliament or assemblies for local issues, there has been debate about how to counterbalance this in England.

One major issue is the West Lothian question , in which MPs from Scotland and Wales are able to vote on legislation affecting only England, while English MPs have no equivalent right to legislate on devolved matters.

The English law legal system, developed over the centuries, is the basis of common law [] legal systems used in most Commonwealth countries [] and the United States except Louisiana.

Despite now being part of the United Kingdom, the legal system of the Courts of England and Wales continued, under the Treaty of Union , as a separate legal system from the one used in Scotland.

The general essence of English law is that it is made by judges sitting in courts, applying their common sense and knowledge of legal precedent — stare decisis — to the facts before them.

It was created in after constitutional changes, taking over the judicial functions of the House of Lords. The subdivisions of England consist of up to four levels of subnational division controlled through a variety of types of administrative entities created for the purposes of local government.

The highest tier of local government were the nine regions of England: These were created in as Government Offices , used by the UK government to deliver a wide range of policies and programmes regionally, but there are no elected bodies at this level, except in London, and in the regional government offices were abolished.

After devolution began to take place in other parts of the United Kingdom it was planned that referendums for the regions of England would take place for their own elected regional assemblies as a counterweight.

London accepted in However, when the proposal was rejected by the northern England devolution referendums, in the North East, further referendums were cancelled.

Below the regional level, all of England is divided into 48 ceremonial counties. There are six metropolitan counties based on the most heavily urbanised areas, which do not have county councils.

Elsewhere, 27 non-metropolitan "shire" counties have a county council and are divided into districts, each with a district council.

They are typically, though not always, found in more rural areas. The remaining non-metropolitan counties are of a single district and usually correspond to large towns or sparsely populated counties; they are known as unitary authorities.

Greater London has a different system for local government, with 32 London boroughs , plus the City of London covering a small area at the core governed by the City of London Corporation.

Geographically England includes the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, plus such offshore islands as the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly.

It is bordered by two other countries of the United Kingdom: England is closer to the European continent than any other part of mainland Britain.

The northern uplands include the Pennines , a chain of uplands dividing east and west, the Lake District mountains in Cumbria, and the Cheviot Hills , straddling the border between England and Scotland.

The approximate dividing line between terrain types is often indicated by the Tees-Exe line. There are karst landscapes in calcite areas such as parts of Yorkshire and Derbyshire.

They contain two national parks , the Yorkshire Dales and the Peak District. In the West Country , Dartmoor and Exmoor of the Southwest Peninsula include upland moorland supported by granite, and enjoy a mild climate ; both are national parks.

The English Lowlands are in the central and southern regions of the country, consisting of green rolling hills, including the Cotswold Hills , Chiltern Hills , North and South Downs ; where they meet the sea they form white rock exposures such as the cliffs of Dover.

England has a temperate maritime climate: The coldest months are January and February, the latter particularly on the English coast , while July is normally the warmest month.

Months with mild to warm weather are May, June, September and October. Important influences on the climate of England are its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean , its northern latitude and the warming of the sea by the Gulf Stream.

The Greater London Built-up Area is by far the largest urban area in England [] and one of the busiest cities in the world. It is considered a global city and has a population larger than other countries in the United Kingdom besides England itself.

While many cities in England are quite large, such as Birmingham , Sheffield , Manchester, Liverpool , Leeds , Newcastle , Bradford , Nottingham , population size is not a prerequisite for city status.

England is a leader in the chemical [] and pharmaceutical sectors and in key technical industries, particularly aerospace , the arms industry , and the manufacturing side of the software industry.

Originally established as private banker to the government of England, since it has been a state-owned institution. England is highly industrialised, but since the s there has been a decline in traditional heavy and manufacturing industries, and an increasing emphasis on a more service industry oriented economy.

The export part of the economy is dominated by pharmaceuticals , cars although many English marques are now foreign-owned, such as Land Rover , Lotus , Jaguar and Bentley , crude oil and petroleum from the English parts of North Sea oil along with Wytch Farm , aircraft engines and alcoholic beverages.

Its engines power more than 30 types of commercial aircraft, and it has more 30, engines currently in service across both the civil and defence sectors.

With a workforce of over 12, people, Derby has the largest concentration of Rolls-Royce employees in the UK. Rolls-Royce also produces low-emission power systems for ships; makes critical equipment and safety systems for the nuclear industry and powers offshore platforms and major pipelines for the oil and gas industry.

The world leader in compact satellite systems, Surrey Satellites , is also part of Astrium. Some experts claim that the earliest concept of a metric system was invented by John Wilkins , the first secretary of the Royal Society , in As the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution , England was home to many significant inventors during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Famous English engineers include Isambard Kingdom Brunel , best known for the creation of the Great Western Railway , a series of famous steamships , and numerous important bridges, hence revolutionising public transport and modern-day engineering.

With his role in the marketing and manufacturing of the steam engine, and invention of modern coinage, Matthew Boulton business partner of James Watt is regarded as one of the most influential entrepreneurs in history.

Inventions and discoveries of the English include: Newton developed the ideas of universal gravitation , Newtonian mechanics , and calculus , and Robert Hooke his eponymously named law of elasticity.

The Department for Transport is the government body responsible for overseeing transport in England. There are many motorways in England , and many other trunk roads, such as the A1 Great North Road , which runs through eastern England from London to Newcastle [] much of this section is motorway and onward to the Scottish border.

The red double-decker buses in London have become a symbol of England. There is a rapid transit network in two English cities: Rail transport in England is the oldest in the world: There are plans to reopen lines such as the Varsity Line between Oxford and Cambridge.

These lines are mostly standard gauge single , double or quadruple track though there are also a few narrow gauge lines.

There is rail transport access to France and Belgium through an undersea rail link, the Channel Tunnel , which was completed in England has extensive domestic and international aviation links.

The National Health Service NHS is the publicly funded healthcare system in England responsible for providing the majority of healthcare in the country.

It was based on the findings of the Beveridge Report , prepared by economist and social reformer William Beveridge. The average life expectancy of people in England is The English people are a British people.

In , when the Domesday Book was compiled, England had a population of two million. Other people from much further afield in the former British colonies have arrived since the s: England contains one indigenous national minority, the Cornish people , recognised by the UK government under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in By the 15th century, English was back in fashion among all classes, though much changed; the Middle English form showed many signs of French influence, both in vocabulary and spelling.

During the English Renaissance , many words were coined from Latin and Greek origins. English language learning and teaching is an important economic activity , and includes language schooling , tourism spending, and publishing.

There is no legislation mandating an official language for England, [] but English is the only language used for official business. As well as English, England has two other indigenous languages , Cornish and Welsh.

Cornish died out as a community language in the 18th century but is being revived, [] [] and is now protected under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

When the modern border between Wales and England was established by the Laws in Wales Acts and , many Welsh-speaking communities found themselves on the English side of the border.

Welsh was spoken in Archenfield in Herefordshire into the nineteenth century, [] and by natives of parts of western Shropshire until the middle of the twentieth century if not later.

State schools teach students a second language , usually French, German or Spanish. However, following the census data released by the Office for National Statistics , figures now show that Polish is the main language spoken in England after English.

In the census, The church regards itself as both Catholic and Protestant. It forms part of the Anglican Communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury acting as its symbolic worldwide head.

Since its reintroduction after the Catholic Emancipation , the Church has organised ecclesiastically on an England and Wales basis where there are 4.

A form of Protestantism known as Methodism is the third largest Christian practice and grew out of Anglicanism through John Wesley. The patron saint of England is Saint George ; his symbolic cross is included in the flag of England, as well as in the Union Flag as part of a combination.

There are non-Christian religions practised. Jews have a history of a small minority on the island since Especially since the s, religions from the former British colonies have grown in numbers, due to immigration.

A small minority of the population practise ancient Pagan religions. Neopaganism in the United Kingdom is primarily represented by Wicca and Witchcraft religions , Druidry , and Heathenry.

According to the UK Census , there are roughly 53, people who identify as Pagan in England, [nb 5] and 3, in Wales , [nb 5] including 11, Wiccans in England and in Wales.

The Department for Education is the government department responsible for issues affecting people in England up to the age of 19, including education.

Children who are between the ages of 3 and 5 attend nursery or an Early Years Foundation Stage reception unit within a primary school.

Children between the ages of 5 and 11 attend primary school, and secondary school is attended by those aged between 11 and After finishing compulsory education, students take GCSE examinations.

Students may then opt to continue into further education for two years. Further education colleges particularly sixth form colleges often form part of a secondary school site.

A-level examinations are sat by a large number of further education students, and often form the basis of an application to university.

Although most English secondary schools are comprehensive , in some areas there are selective intake grammar schools , to which entrance is subject to passing the eleven-plus exam.

Higher education students normally attend university from age 18 onwards, where they study for an academic degree.

The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills is the government department responsible for higher education in England.

Students are then able to work towards a postgraduate degree, which usually takes one year, or towards a doctorate, which takes three or more years.

Since the establishment of Bedford College London , Girton College Cambridge and Somerville College Oxford in the 19th century , women also can obtain a university degree.

Ecclesiastical architecture ranged from a synthesis of Hiberno — Saxon monasticism , [] [] to Early Christian basilica and architecture characterised by pilaster-strips, blank arcading, baluster shafts and triangular headed openings.

After the Norman conquest in various Castles in England were created so law lords could uphold their authority and in the north to protect from invasion.

Throughout the Plantagenet era, an English Gothic architecture flourished, with prime examples including the medieval cathedrals such as Canterbury Cathedral , Westminster Abbey and York Minster.

Medieval architecture was completed with the 16th-century Tudor style ; the four-centred arch, now known as the Tudor arch , was a defining feature as were wattle and daub houses domestically.

In the aftermath of the Renaissance a form of architecture echoing classical antiquity synthesised with Christianity appeared, the English Baroque style of architect Christopher Wren being particularly championed.

Georgian architecture followed in a more refined style, evoking a simple Palladian form; the Royal Crescent at Bath is one of the best examples of this.

With the emergence of romanticism during Victorian period, a Gothic Revival was launched. In addition to this, around the same time the Industrial Revolution paved the way for buildings such as The Crystal Palace.

Since the s various modernist forms have appeared whose reception is often controversial, though traditionalist resistance movements continue with support in influential places.

English folklore developed over many centuries. Some of the characters and stories are present across England, but most belong to specific regions.

Common folkloric beings include pixies , giants , elves , bogeymen , trolls , goblins and dwarves. While many legends and folk-customs are thought to be ancient, for instance the tales featuring Offa of Angel and Wayland the Smith , [] others date from after the Norman invasion; Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham being, perhaps, the best known.

During the High Middle Ages tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore and developed into the Arthurian myth.

Many of the tales and pseudo-histories make up part of the wider Matter of Britain , a collection of shared British folklore. Some folk figures are based on semi or actual historical people whose story has been passed down centuries; Lady Godiva for instance was said to have ridden naked on horseback through Coventry , Hereward the Wake was a heroic English figure resisting the Norman invasion, Herne the Hunter is an equestrian ghost associated with Windsor Forest and Great Park and Mother Shipton is the archetypal witch.

The chivalrous bandit, such as Dick Turpin , is a recurring character, while Blackbeard is the archetypal pirate. Since the early modern period the food of England has historically been characterised by its simplicity of approach and a reliance on the high quality of natural produce.

Traditional examples of English food include the Sunday roast , featuring a roasted joint usually beef, lamb , chicken or pork served with assorted vegetables, Yorkshire pudding and gravy.

Sausages are commonly eaten, either as bangers and mash or toad in the hole. Lancashire hotpot is a well-known stew originating in the northwest.

Many Anglo-Indian hybrid dishes, curries , have been created, such as chicken tikka masala and balti. Traditional English dessert dishes include apple pie or other fruit pies; spotted dick — all generally served with custard ; and, more recently, sticky toffee pudding.

Sweet pastries include scones either plain or containing dried fruit served with jam or cream, dried fruit loaves, Eccles cakes and mince pies as well as a wide range of sweet or spiced biscuits.

Common non-alcoholic drinks include tea, the popularity of which was increased by Catherine of Braganza , [] and coffee; frequently consumed alcoholic drinks include wine, ciders and English beers , such as bitter , mild , stout and brown ale.

The earliest known examples are the prehistoric rock and cave art pieces, most prominent in North Yorkshire , Northumberland and Cumbria , but also feature further south, for example at Creswell Crags.

There are numerous surviving artefacts, such as those at Lullingstone and Aldborough. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as part of their court, portrait painting which would remain an enduring part of English art, was boosted by German Hans Holbein , natives such as Nicholas Hilliard built on this.

Early authors such as Bede and Alcuin wrote in Latin. Marvell was the best-known poet of the Commonwealth , [] while John Milton authored Paradise Lost during the Restoration.

More radical elements were later countered by Edmund Burke who is regarded as the founder of conservatism. The English played a significant role in romanticism: In response to the Industrial Revolution , agrarian writers sought a way between liberty and tradition; William Cobbett , G.

Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc were main exponents, while the founder of guild socialism , Arthur Penty , and cooperative movement advocate G. Cole are somewhat related.

Wells and Lewis Carroll. Lawrence , Virginia Woolf , C. Tolkien , and J. The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties , jigs , hornpipes and dance music.

It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. German-born George Frideric Handel became a British subject [] and spent most of his composing life in London, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, The Messiah , Water Music , and Music for the Royal Fireworks.

In the field of popular music , many English bands and solo artists have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time.

Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury , V Festival , and the Reading and Leeds Festivals.

Hitchcock and Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. A Story of the London Fog , helped shape the thriller genre in film, while his film, Blackmail , is often regarded as the first British sound feature film.

Major film studios in England include Pinewood , Elstree and Shepperton. Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in England, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises Harry Potter and James Bond.

English Heritage is a governmental body with a broad remit of managing the historic sites, artefacts and environments of England. It is currently sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Its collection of more than seven million objects [] is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world, [] sourced from every continent, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.

England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world. Sports originating in England include association football , [] cricket , rugby union , rugby league , tennis , boxing , badminton, squash , [] rounders , [] hockey , snooker , billiards , darts , table tennis, bowls , netball , thoroughbred horseracing, greyhound racing and fox hunting.

It has helped the development of golf , sailing and Formula One. Football is the most popular of these sports. The England national football team , whose home venue is Wembley Stadium , played Scotland in the first ever international football match in As is the case throughout the UK, football in England is notable for the rivalries between clubs and the passion of the supporters, which includes a tradition of football chants.

Cricket is generally thought to have been developed in the early medieval period among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald.

The climax of the Ashes was viewed by 7. However they have hosted the ICC World Twenty20 in , winning this format in beating rivals Australia in the final.

William Penny Brookes was prominent in organising the format for the modern Olympic Games. England competes in the Commonwealth Games , held every four years.

Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England.

Rugby union originated in Rugby School , Warwickshire in the early 19th century. England was one of the host nations of the competition in the Rugby World Cup and also hosted the Rugby World Cup.

Rugby league was born in Huddersfield in Since , the England national rugby league team has been a full test nation in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which won three World Cups but is now retired.

Rugby League is most popular among towns in the northern English counties of Lancashire , Yorkshire and Cumbria.

Some of the most successful clubs include Wigan Warriors , Hull F. Golf has been prominent in England; due in part to its cultural and geographical ties to Scotland, the home of Golf.

England has produced grand slam winners: The biennial golf competition, the Ryder Cup , is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder who sponsored the event and donated the trophy.

Tennis was created in Birmingham in the late 19th century, and the Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and widely considered the most prestigious.

Fred Perry was the last Englishman to win Wimbledon in He was the first player to win all four Grand Slam singles titles [] and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup wins.

English women who have won Wimbledon include: Ann Haydon Jones in and Virginia Wade in In boxing , under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules , England has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies.

Originating in 17th and 18th-century England, the thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.

England also has a rich heritage in Grand Prix motorcycle racing , the premier championship of motorcycle road racing , and produced several World Champions across all the various class of motorcycle: Darts is a widely popular sport in England; a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game.

Phil Taylor is widely regarded as the best darts player of all time, having won professional tournaments, and a record 16 World Championships. Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa.

The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from onwards so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean.

A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George , along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner.

The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace. It is also known as the Rose of England.

The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy.

England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen. However, the following are often considered unofficial English national anthems: St George is the patron saint of England.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see England disambiguation. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.

England in the Middle Ages. East Riding of Yorkshire. Ceremonial counties of England. List of places in England.

List of English inventions and discoveries and Royal Society. English diaspora , Cornish people , and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom. English language in England.

English language , History of the English language , and Cornish language. Official, but not majority language. History of Christianity in England.

List of universities in England. Fish and chips is a very popular dish in England. Apple pie has been consumed in England since the Middle Ages. Chicken tikka masala , , adapted from Indian chicken tikka and called "a true British national dish.

This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, this earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, this other Eden, demi-paradise; this fortress, built by nature for herself.

This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. Folk music of England. Music of the United Kingdom. Cinema of the United Kingdom. List of museums in England.

National symbols of England. England portal United Kingdom portal. Other Pagan paths, such as Wicca or Druidism, have not been included in this number.

Other Pagan paths, such as Druidism, and general "Pagan" have not been included in this number. Scottish students attending Scottish universities have their fees paid by the devolved Scottish Parliament.

Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 24 April Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 1 February Archived from the original on 9 February International Organization for Standardization.

Archived from the original on 16 May Archived from the original on 27 April Accessed 31 May Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 12 July Retrieved 5 September The Principles of Gaelic Grammar.

Oliver, Boyd and Tweeddale. There are two very large islands in it, called the British Isles, Albion and Ierne; On Coming-to-be and Passing Away.

Translated by Forster, E. Retrieved 20 December A Geo East Project. Archived from the original on 5 March Tectonic and structural background".

Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 23 December Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 22 December War, Peace and Conquest in the Roman World.

Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 24 December Anglo-Saxons, to ". Retrieved 3 December Archived from the original on 24 June Retrieved 21 September Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 26 December Archived from the original on 18 January England Under the Tudors.

Archived from the original on 9 June Archived from the original PDF on 25 March Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 8 August Pouwels 27 November Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 10 December Entry on Sciencemuseum website.

Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 4 October The persistence of Victorian liberalism: The Politics of Social Reform in Britain, — From Abolition to the Vote".

Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle". Retrieved 2 December Devolution and Constitutional Change in the United Kingdom".

The Journal of Federalism. Retrieved 4 February Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 16 August Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original PDF on 17 January Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original PDF on 5 December Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 22 November Retrieved 17 August For the majority of this time, England did not exist as a united country.

The Anglo-Saxons lived in many small kingdoms, which slowly united. The later countries of England and Wales were formed from the earlier Roman Britain.

England became one country in Many villages and towns in this area particularly in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire have Danish names, and use some Danish-based words.

At one time Wessex in the West of England was the only English kingdom left. After many battles, King Alfred the Great of Wessex became king of the whole of England, and the old kingdoms Mercia, Northumberland , etc.

England soon had an English king again. William the Conqueror , Duke of Normandy today part of northern France , said that Harold Godwinson had promised to make William the king, so he invaded England and fought King Harold at the Battle of Hastings in William won, and became king of England.

There were many wars, often against France and Scotland. For many centuries the religion of England was Roman Catholicism. The bishops church leaders of England and all their churches obeyed the Pope and the church in Rome , Italy.

During the Protestant Reformation many did not agree with this. He made Protestantism the official church in England.

For the next years, there was struggle over whether the King or Queen of England should be "Roman Catholic" or "Protestant".

She was a powerful queen who ruled for more than 40 years. He called his two countries "Great Britain", but they were still separate countries with their own parliaments and laws, even though they were in personal union.

A lot of people did not like James because he was Roman Catholic. William of Orange was invited to invade England. Many people welcomed William because he was a Protestant.

James left the country without a fight and Parliament asked William and Mary to become King and Queen together. While she was queen, England and Scotland were officially joined as one country.

This was called the Acts of Union It also merged their separate parliaments. Later Ireland fought against this merging and the Republic of Ireland , which is not quite the whole island called Ireland, became a separate country.

England is the only country of UK not to have its own government, Parliament or Assembly, but is governed by Parliament of the United Kingdom.

In Parliament England has the most seats. The English language is a West Germanic language spoken in many countries around the world.

With around million native speakers, it is the second most spoken language in the world , as a native language.

As many as a billion people speak it as a second language. English is an influence on, and has been influenced by many different languages.

Some people in England speak other languages, such as Welsh. All of Great Britain has an oceanic climate. The prevailing wind for most of the year is from the Atlantic , to the west of England.

Therefore, there is more rain on the western side of the country. The east is colder and drier than the west.

The country usually has a mild climate because the Gulf Stream to the western side is warm water.

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