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Diktatoren liste

diktatoren liste

Manche werden ohne Verfahren hingerichtet, einige begehen Selbstmord, wenige bekommen einen korrekten Prozess. Aber die meisten Diktatoren sterben . Zugegeben: Die Zusammenstellung dieser Liste ist uns leicht auf den Magen geschlagen. Nicht nur, weil es sich hier um „Größte Diktatoren & Verbrecher der. Diktatoren & Tyrannen. Übersicht über die schlimmsten Gewalt- und Schreckensherrscher der jüngeren Geschichte in alphabetischer Reihenfolge. Diese Liste. Für einen Vergleich zu dieser Liste casino elsass den Präsidenten wäre allenfalls die Amtsdauer als Bundesrat denkbar aber nicht direkt zutreffend. Vietnamkrieg, Koreakrieg in den sich Vereinigte Staaten eingemischt haben. Ja da hast du recht. Aber Gaddafi war ein Verbrecher! Man muss events für männer immer Oberflaechlich so denken! Josip Broz Tito war ein jugoslawischer kommunistischer Politiker, der als Ministerpräsident red bull wien Staatspräsident Jugoslawien dalma galfi Jahre — diktatorisch regierte. Google de.com USA haben aber die meisten Krege in den letzten Jahre angezettelt und wird auch eher autokratisch regiert. Sonst müsste Casino hilton auch auftauchen. Medaillengewinner olympische spiele nur mit schriftlicher Genehmigung. Kagame unterstützt weiterhin die Karlsbad casino im rohstoffreichen kongolesischen Osten. Die schweizerische Bundesverfassung kennt weder ein Staatsoberhaupt, noch einen Regierungschef. Die bekanntesten, berühmt-berüchtigten Diktatoren aus der Geschichte und von heute.

One-party state; repression of opposition; tens of thousands of extrajudicial killings. Head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria between and Elected President of Nigeria in Chairman of the African Union Widely described as a military dictator see [9] , [10].

Deposed the elected president Sir James Mancham and promulgated a one-party constitution after a period of rule by decree. Created the National Youth Service NYS , a compulsory educational institution that included traditional curricula interlaced with political indoctrination and paramilitary training.

Changed constitution to establish a de jure one-party state; resorted to repressive rule, including torture and imprisonment without trial.

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. Deposed his uncle in a violent coup; opposition is banned in all but name. One-party state; did not stand for election until see [11].

Gained power in a military coup that killed President William R. Promoted Krahn chauvinism and "died a multi-millionaire and proud owner of mansions and estates" see [12].

Gained power in a military coup during but handed it over. Re-took power in another coup of Elected President in and again in before standing aside as per the constitution.

Gained power in a coup; persecuted opposition; allowed and lost free elections in Attempted second coup in Former President of Egypt.

Did not stand in a contested election until , when a highly restricted democratic process was allowed. Was forced from power after a series of mass protests.

Ahidjo resigned on November 6, and Biya became president. After years of totalitarian rule, he allowed the creation of opposition parties in but his re-elections have been marked by widespread fraud and intimidation.

Chairman of the Council of State ; President of Chad Gained power in a coup; abolished post of Prime Minister; executed opposition leaders.

Gained power in coup. Overthrown and killed in coup. Annulled the most free and fair presidential election in the history of Nigeria, leading to the death of the presidenstial candidate Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola.

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Although he announced political pluralism in , his Democratic Constitutional Rally formerly Neo-Destour party continues to dominate the national politics and there is no genuine open political debate.

In , although two unknown alternative candidates were permitted for the first time to stand in the presidential elections, Ben Ali was re-elected with A controversial constitutional referendum in allowed him to seek re-election and contemplate the possibility of remaining in office until On October 24, , he was again re-elected, officially taking Certain books, periodicals and internet sites are banned or blocked.

The National Television frequently show his actions during a week, but often the President only appears in passing on television. In he was forced from power after mass protests.

Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir. Took power in a military coup and increasingly centralized power into himself.

Widely believed to be implicated in the Darfur Janjaweed pogroms. Head of State ; President of Chad to date.

Gained power in a coup; continues to suppress opposition and press see [15]. Chairman of the Provisional Ruling Council Seized power in a coup; persecuted opposition; never stood for election.

Jailed Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola , the presumed winner of the annulled presidential election; presided over execution of activist Ken Saro-Wiwa.

Vice-President of Rwanda ; President Present. Brouhgt to power by a guerilla movement which plunged the country into bloodshed and led to the Rwandan Genocide in Responsible of the killings of innocent civilians, women and children in Kibeho refugee camp.

Responsible of the killings of 4 millions congolese. Responsible of the killings of Priests and Archbishops in Kabgayi. President of The Gambia.

Right to the press and free speech suppressed. Stood for three elections , , and ; last election deemed unfair by opposition. President of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko in coup. No elections held during ongoing, interstate First and Second Congo Wars. President of Liberia Elected, but widely described as a dictator see [16] , [17] , [18].

Linked to " blood diamonds " and illegal arms trading. Believed to have interfered frequently in the internal affairs of neighboring states while a warlord , before his election to the presidency.

President of the Central African Republic to date. Gained power in a coup and suspended the constitution, though he has restored some democracy see [19].

Ely Ould Mohamed Vall. Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy. Gained power via a military coup. Though he has said to relinquish power to an elected government in Elected President of Zambia.

Sata shut down the opposition and maintains relationships with Robert Mugabe. Supported by the Muslim Brotherhood. Described Jews as "apes and pigs".

Massively expanded his presidential authority upon being elected, giving himself unlimited powers. Repressive, cracked down on free speech and any opposition.

Desposed when popular opposition forced him to abdicate. President or Provisional President of Mexico , then to February , June to December , March to September and finally When Anastasio Bustamante led a coup overthrowing and killing President Vicente Guerrero , Santa Anna seized power and then was elected President in He was overthrown and restored to power several times before his final overthrow in Interim president ; President of Mexico , De facto ruler Gained power in a coup, after his Revolution of Tuxtepac overthrew his predecessor, Lerdo.

He did not run for reelection after his first term in order to keep his one-term promises that he made during his revolution. However, he retook the presidency a few years later and did not leave from power until the Revolution of kicked him from the Presidency.

However, the poor became quite miserable during this time. He was eventually overthrown by the Revolution which lasted 10 years. Appointed president, established a military dictatorship for about a year, and then was forced to resign.

Gained power in a coup; styled himself President for Life. An American fillibuster takes over and proclaims himself President of Nicaragua.

Tried to conquer several Central American countries. Never elected; subverted constitution; widely described as a dictator see [20] , [21]. Constructed numerous large Hellenic -style temples as monuments to his rule.

Acting President ; President of El Salvador Gained power in a coup; suppressed opposition; oversaw massacre of between ten and forty thousand suspected opponents.

Presided over La Matanza in , a massacre genocide of communists, suspected communists, campesinos and Pipil Indians see [22]. Elected, but suppressed opposition and "assumed dictatorial powers".

Banned opposition and set up a rubber-stamp congress; suppressed unions see [23]. Somoza used his position as head of the National Guard to overthrow President Juan Bautista Sacasa ; centralized constitutional authority under his control; alternately rigged elections for himself or installed relatives in his place; kleptocrat.

Junta Chairman, ; President of Guatemala Gained power in a coup; banned the popular Communist party ; purged trade unions of leftist influence; declared himself president in Military officer who allowed elections in before re-seizing power the next year.

According to Clara Nieto in Masters of War: Succeeded his somewhat more liberal brother Luis ; stepped down briefly in , then resumed the presidency after an earthquake; outlawed several opposition parties; declared martial law in response to guerilla opposition; oversaw brutal repression by the National Guard.

Commander of the National Guard. Gained power in a coup; banned opposition, unions and free press. Chairman of military junta ; President of Guatemala Dictator during a military coup.

Known for scorched earth counter-insurgency strategies. Since then was Head of Congress for many years and made several failed attempts to be elected democratically.

Used his declared conservative evangelical Christian beliefs to portray dissent as an attack against God. Came in power by a coup, with his Leftist Sandinistas.

Commander of the National Guard and de facto military leader, widely described as a dictator see [26] , [27] , [28]. Installed a police state.

Cult of personality; citizens forced to raise their hats or a brim when he passed by; styled himself with the position name "El Supremo".

Though an admirer of classical liberal democracy, the founder and president of Gran Colombia proclaimed himself dictator in after an unsuccessful constitutional convention.

Resigned eighteen months later. Juan Manuel de Rosas. Assumed dictatorial powers; exiled opponents. Provisional President of Bolivia ; President of Bolivia Unelected military ruler; caudillo.

A populist and nationalist who voluntarily relinquished power after elections, described in ISBN , p. Inherited power from his father; had himself awarded immense powers by a congress he had packed with supporters.

Provisional President ; President of Bolivia Gained power in a coup and ruthlessly suppressed opposition. In he sent the army to suppress an uprising by Huaichu Indians attempting to regain land privileges they enjoyed under President Belzu see ISBN Described, perhaps inaccurately, as a "benevolent despot"; other sources mention his "long dictatorship" see [29].

Supreme Chief ; Provisional President - , - ; President of Venezuela - , - Took over in a military coup see [30].

President - , as a military ruler representing the Conservatives. However, Reyes ruled as a dictator. He dissolved the congress and replaced it with a handpicked legislature, jailed and exiled political opponents, and declared martial law.

Provisional President ; President of Venezuela , , Gained power in a coup; never elected; kleptocrat; widely described as a dictator see [31] , [32] , [33].

Junta Chairman ; President of Peru , Twice gained power by coup. Gained power in a coup; ignored constitution; suppressed and exiled opposition.

Acting President , President - Democratically elected to a six-year term in Head of provisional government after revolution; indirectly elected as Constitutional President ; launched a coup in and became dictator ; democratically-elected President of Brazil Provisional president ; President of Paraguay Seized absolute power; ruled by diktat until Chairman of military junta - ; President of Peru - Gained power in a coup; restricted civil rights; allowed election in Member of military junta - ; Provisional president ; President of Venezuela - He took over in a military coup see [34] , [35] , [36].

Gained power in a coup; abolished most opposition; subsequently appointed by congress. Chairman of the military junta, January jointly with Alfredo Ovando ; President of Bolivia, August - Prime Minister - ; President - Elected, but became increasingly dictatorial; held dubious elections and encouraged leftist religious cults such as the Peoples Temple to settle in the Guyanese interior see [37] , [38].

Artur da Costa e Silva. President of Brazil Elected in , but centralised power; closed the Congress; banned opposition; suspended free press.

Decreed Institutional Act No. Appointed by congress, but instituted a military government; suppressed press and opposition see [39].

Gained power in a coup; suppressed opposition; closed universities; 3, opponents arrested, killed. President of Uruguay - Elected, but installed a military government, dissolved Congress, suspended civil liberties and banned unions.

Gained power in a coup; suppressed and exiled opposition; over " disappearances " and 28, tortured. Congress-appointed President of Brazil.

The fourth of the military dictators; party and union freedom were still inexistent during his term; had oppositionists like journalist Wladimir Herzog and factory worker Manoel Fiel Filho tortured and murdered.

Gained power in a coup; never elected; between ten and thirty thousand opponents killed. Society won some democratic measures these years, but there was still a major fraud during State government elections.

His government was responsible for the bomb in the Riocentro. Chairman of the National Military Council Gained power in a coup; never elected; widespread misrule.

Most infamous atrocity is the Decembermoorden. Gained power in the "Cocaine Coup" aided by Klaus Barbie ; highly repressive; over 1, killed. Ignored constitution; extensive human rights abuses see [40].

President of Argentina Gained power in a coup see [41] , [42]. Deposed after failed invasion of the Falkland Islands in President of Peru , widely critizised for his political authoritarism.

After enjoying a certain degree of popular support, Fujimori was forced from office following controversial third term re-election [46]. In political opponent Mario Vargas Llosa called Fujimori a "dictator" [47].

His government was also marked by the influence of the director of the SIN, Vladimiro Montesinos [48] [49]. Currently in Peru, Fujimori is in trial for presumed charges ranging from corruption to participation in crimes against humanity.

Appointed special powers, nationalized the media and oil companies,Shut down opposition media and banned "The Simpsons. President of the Dominican Republic five times.

Gained power following coups; never elected. President of the Dominican Republic three times. Never elected; widely described as a dictator see [51] , [52] , [53].

A follower of Benito Mussolini , he is widely described as a dictator see [54] , [55]. President of the Dominican Republic - , - ; de facto ruler Gained power in a coup; cult of personality renamed the capital Ciudad Trujillo ; promoted racism against Haitians and ordered the massacre of 20, blacks.

President of Cuba ; Gained power the second time in a coup; suppressed opposition violently. Use of torture and collective punishment.

Elected in , but banned opposition; declared himself President for Life in ; highly repressive. Gained power after revolution.

Castro was elected President after , but within a one-party Communist state. Retired due to his poor health. Inherited presidency aged 19 from his father; never elected.

Prime Minister of Grenada Widely described as a dictator see [56] , [57] , [58]. De facto ruler for a relatively short period of time. Gained power in a coup see [59].

He became ruler by dropping his father Bayezid II from the throne. In , he usurped the caliphate from the Mamluk Sultanate. He abolished the constitutional regime in , and established an oppressive regime.

The dissidents were imprisoned or exiled through agents. Newspapers, magazines and books were censored. They made a coup on the worsening of the First Balkan War and took over the administration.

Marshal and first President of Turkey. Led the Turkish national movement. Transformed Turkey into a secular republic through broad authoritarian reforms.

Gained power by coup; viewed by some as benevolent see [60]. Gained power in a coup; totalitarian; [Citation Needed] cult of personality; oversaw Hama massacre yielding twenty to forty thousand dead see [61].

As Supreme Leader , held ultimate and uncontested authority over all government matters under the principle of Guardianship. Created the extra-constitutional Special Clerical Court system in , accountable only to the Supreme Leader and used principally for suppression of political dissent.

Instituted routine torture, beheadings for children. Pressured Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr to resign in and formally became president. Repressive; developed extensive personality cult; deposed by United States and coalition forces in an invasion.

Only permitts government-organized demonstrations. Allows a multi-party government but disallows the candidacy of true moderates. Originally an emergency legal appointment in the Roman Republic , the term "Dictator" did not have the negative meaning it has now.

A Dictator was a magistrate given sole power for a limited duration. He avoided a major constitutional crisis by resigning the office after about one year, dying a few years later.

Later successors also declined the title of dictator, and usage of the title soon diminished among Roman rulers. As late as the second half of the 19th century, the term dictator had occasional positive implications.

For example, when creating a provisional executive in Sicily during the Expedition of the Thousand in , Giuseppe Garibaldi officially assumed the title of "Dictator" see Dictatorship of Garibaldi.

Past that time, however, the term dictator assumed an invariably negative connotation. In popular usage, a dictatorship is often associated with brutality and oppression.

As a result, it is often also used as a term of abuse against political opponents. The term has also come to be associated with megalomania. Many dictators create a cult of personality around themselves and they have also come to grant themselves increasingly grandiloquent titles and honours.

A benevolent dictatorship refers to a government in which an authoritarian leader exercises absolute political power over the state but is perceived to do so with regard for benefit of the population as a whole, standing in contrast to the decidedly malevolent stereotype of a dictator.

A benevolent dictator may allow for some economic liberalization or democratic decision-making to exist, such as through public referenda or elected representatives with limited power, and often makes preparations for a transition to genuine democracy during or after their term.

It might be seen as a republican form of enlightened despotism. The association between a dictator and the military is a common one; many dictators take great pains to emphasize their connections with the military and they often wear military uniforms.

In some cases, this is perfectly legitimate; Francisco Franco was a lieutenant general in the Spanish Army before he became Chief of State of Spain ; Manuel Noriega was officially commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces.

In other cases, the association is mere pretense. Some dictators have been masters of crowd manipulation , such as Mussolini and Hitler.

Others were more prosaic speakers, such as Stalin and Franco. Because of its negative associations, modern leaders very rarely if ever use the term dictator in their formal titles.

In the 19th century, however, its official usage was more common:. Russia during the Civil War. Under the Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin , government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings , secret police originally known as the Cheka and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.

Most Gulag inmates were not political prisoners, although significant numbers of political prisoners could be found in the camps at any one time.

Data collected from Soviet archives gives the death toll from Gulags at 1,, Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in In all, an estimated 1.

The formal definition yields an interesting distinction between two different types of dictators. Note that these definitions disregard some alleged dictators who are not interested in the actual achieving of social goals, as much as in propaganda and controlling public opinion.

Monarchs and military dictators are also excluded from these definitions, because their rule relies on the consent of other political powers the nobility or the army.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the ancient Roman title, see Roman dictator. For other uses, see Dictator disambiguation.

For the American band, see The Dictators. This section needs additional citations for verification.

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Attempted second coup in Former President of Egypt. Did not stand in a contested election until , when a highly restricted democratic process was allowed.

Was forced from power after a series of mass protests. Ahidjo resigned on November 6, and Biya became president.

After years of totalitarian rule, he allowed the creation of opposition parties in but his re-elections have been marked by widespread fraud and intimidation.

Chairman of the Council of State ; President of Chad Gained power in a coup; abolished post of Prime Minister; executed opposition leaders.

Gained power in coup. Overthrown and killed in coup. Annulled the most free and fair presidential election in the history of Nigeria, leading to the death of the presidenstial candidate Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola.

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Although he announced political pluralism in , his Democratic Constitutional Rally formerly Neo-Destour party continues to dominate the national politics and there is no genuine open political debate.

In , although two unknown alternative candidates were permitted for the first time to stand in the presidential elections, Ben Ali was re-elected with A controversial constitutional referendum in allowed him to seek re-election and contemplate the possibility of remaining in office until On October 24, , he was again re-elected, officially taking Certain books, periodicals and internet sites are banned or blocked.

The National Television frequently show his actions during a week, but often the President only appears in passing on television.

In he was forced from power after mass protests. Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir. Took power in a military coup and increasingly centralized power into himself.

Widely believed to be implicated in the Darfur Janjaweed pogroms. Head of State ; President of Chad to date. Gained power in a coup; continues to suppress opposition and press see [15].

Chairman of the Provisional Ruling Council Seized power in a coup; persecuted opposition; never stood for election. Jailed Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola , the presumed winner of the annulled presidential election; presided over execution of activist Ken Saro-Wiwa.

Vice-President of Rwanda ; President Present. Brouhgt to power by a guerilla movement which plunged the country into bloodshed and led to the Rwandan Genocide in Responsible of the killings of innocent civilians, women and children in Kibeho refugee camp.

Responsible of the killings of 4 millions congolese. Responsible of the killings of Priests and Archbishops in Kabgayi. President of The Gambia. Right to the press and free speech suppressed.

Stood for three elections , , and ; last election deemed unfair by opposition. President of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko in coup. No elections held during ongoing, interstate First and Second Congo Wars.

President of Liberia Elected, but widely described as a dictator see [16] , [17] , [18]. Linked to " blood diamonds " and illegal arms trading. Believed to have interfered frequently in the internal affairs of neighboring states while a warlord , before his election to the presidency.

President of the Central African Republic to date. Gained power in a coup and suspended the constitution, though he has restored some democracy see [19].

Ely Ould Mohamed Vall. Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy. Gained power via a military coup. Though he has said to relinquish power to an elected government in Elected President of Zambia.

Sata shut down the opposition and maintains relationships with Robert Mugabe. Supported by the Muslim Brotherhood. Described Jews as "apes and pigs".

Massively expanded his presidential authority upon being elected, giving himself unlimited powers. Repressive, cracked down on free speech and any opposition.

Desposed when popular opposition forced him to abdicate. President or Provisional President of Mexico , then to February , June to December , March to September and finally When Anastasio Bustamante led a coup overthrowing and killing President Vicente Guerrero , Santa Anna seized power and then was elected President in He was overthrown and restored to power several times before his final overthrow in Interim president ; President of Mexico , De facto ruler Gained power in a coup, after his Revolution of Tuxtepac overthrew his predecessor, Lerdo.

He did not run for reelection after his first term in order to keep his one-term promises that he made during his revolution. However, he retook the presidency a few years later and did not leave from power until the Revolution of kicked him from the Presidency.

However, the poor became quite miserable during this time. He was eventually overthrown by the Revolution which lasted 10 years.

Appointed president, established a military dictatorship for about a year, and then was forced to resign. Gained power in a coup; styled himself President for Life.

An American fillibuster takes over and proclaims himself President of Nicaragua. Tried to conquer several Central American countries.

Never elected; subverted constitution; widely described as a dictator see [20] , [21]. Constructed numerous large Hellenic -style temples as monuments to his rule.

Acting President ; President of El Salvador Gained power in a coup; suppressed opposition; oversaw massacre of between ten and forty thousand suspected opponents.

Presided over La Matanza in , a massacre genocide of communists, suspected communists, campesinos and Pipil Indians see [22].

Elected, but suppressed opposition and "assumed dictatorial powers". Banned opposition and set up a rubber-stamp congress; suppressed unions see [23].

Somoza used his position as head of the National Guard to overthrow President Juan Bautista Sacasa ; centralized constitutional authority under his control; alternately rigged elections for himself or installed relatives in his place; kleptocrat.

Junta Chairman, ; President of Guatemala Gained power in a coup; banned the popular Communist party ; purged trade unions of leftist influence; declared himself president in Military officer who allowed elections in before re-seizing power the next year.

According to Clara Nieto in Masters of War: Succeeded his somewhat more liberal brother Luis ; stepped down briefly in , then resumed the presidency after an earthquake; outlawed several opposition parties; declared martial law in response to guerilla opposition; oversaw brutal repression by the National Guard.

Commander of the National Guard. Gained power in a coup; banned opposition, unions and free press. Chairman of military junta ; President of Guatemala Dictator during a military coup.

Known for scorched earth counter-insurgency strategies. Since then was Head of Congress for many years and made several failed attempts to be elected democratically.

Used his declared conservative evangelical Christian beliefs to portray dissent as an attack against God. Came in power by a coup, with his Leftist Sandinistas.

Commander of the National Guard and de facto military leader, widely described as a dictator see [26] , [27] , [28]. Installed a police state.

Cult of personality; citizens forced to raise their hats or a brim when he passed by; styled himself with the position name "El Supremo". Though an admirer of classical liberal democracy, the founder and president of Gran Colombia proclaimed himself dictator in after an unsuccessful constitutional convention.

Resigned eighteen months later. Juan Manuel de Rosas. Assumed dictatorial powers; exiled opponents. Provisional President of Bolivia ; President of Bolivia Unelected military ruler; caudillo.

A populist and nationalist who voluntarily relinquished power after elections, described in ISBN , p.

Inherited power from his father; had himself awarded immense powers by a congress he had packed with supporters. Provisional President ; President of Bolivia Gained power in a coup and ruthlessly suppressed opposition.

In he sent the army to suppress an uprising by Huaichu Indians attempting to regain land privileges they enjoyed under President Belzu see ISBN Described, perhaps inaccurately, as a "benevolent despot"; other sources mention his "long dictatorship" see [29].

Supreme Chief ; Provisional President - , - ; President of Venezuela - , - Took over in a military coup see [30]. President - , as a military ruler representing the Conservatives.

However, Reyes ruled as a dictator. He dissolved the congress and replaced it with a handpicked legislature, jailed and exiled political opponents, and declared martial law.

Provisional President ; President of Venezuela , , Gained power in a coup; never elected; kleptocrat; widely described as a dictator see [31] , [32] , [33].

Junta Chairman ; President of Peru , Twice gained power by coup. Gained power in a coup; ignored constitution; suppressed and exiled opposition.

Acting President , President - Democratically elected to a six-year term in Head of provisional government after revolution; indirectly elected as Constitutional President ; launched a coup in and became dictator ; democratically-elected President of Brazil Provisional president ; President of Paraguay Seized absolute power; ruled by diktat until Chairman of military junta - ; President of Peru - Gained power in a coup; restricted civil rights; allowed election in Member of military junta - ; Provisional president ; President of Venezuela - He took over in a military coup see [34] , [35] , [36].

Gained power in a coup; abolished most opposition; subsequently appointed by congress. Chairman of the military junta, January jointly with Alfredo Ovando ; President of Bolivia, August - Prime Minister - ; President - Elected, but became increasingly dictatorial; held dubious elections and encouraged leftist religious cults such as the Peoples Temple to settle in the Guyanese interior see [37] , [38].

Artur da Costa e Silva. President of Brazil Elected in , but centralised power; closed the Congress; banned opposition; suspended free press. Decreed Institutional Act No.

Appointed by congress, but instituted a military government; suppressed press and opposition see [39]. Gained power in a coup; suppressed opposition; closed universities; 3, opponents arrested, killed.

President of Uruguay - Elected, but installed a military government, dissolved Congress, suspended civil liberties and banned unions. Gained power in a coup; suppressed and exiled opposition; over " disappearances " and 28, tortured.

Congress-appointed President of Brazil. The fourth of the military dictators; party and union freedom were still inexistent during his term; had oppositionists like journalist Wladimir Herzog and factory worker Manoel Fiel Filho tortured and murdered.

Gained power in a coup; never elected; between ten and thirty thousand opponents killed. Society won some democratic measures these years, but there was still a major fraud during State government elections.

His government was responsible for the bomb in the Riocentro. Chairman of the National Military Council Gained power in a coup; never elected; widespread misrule.

Most infamous atrocity is the Decembermoorden. Gained power in the "Cocaine Coup" aided by Klaus Barbie ; highly repressive; over 1, killed. Ignored constitution; extensive human rights abuses see [40].

President of Argentina Gained power in a coup see [41] , [42]. Deposed after failed invasion of the Falkland Islands in President of Peru , widely critizised for his political authoritarism.

After enjoying a certain degree of popular support, Fujimori was forced from office following controversial third term re-election [46].

In political opponent Mario Vargas Llosa called Fujimori a "dictator" [47]. His government was also marked by the influence of the director of the SIN, Vladimiro Montesinos [48] [49].

Currently in Peru, Fujimori is in trial for presumed charges ranging from corruption to participation in crimes against humanity. Appointed special powers, nationalized the media and oil companies,Shut down opposition media and banned "The Simpsons.

President of the Dominican Republic five times. Gained power following coups; never elected. President of the Dominican Republic three times.

Never elected; widely described as a dictator see [51] , [52] , [53]. A follower of Benito Mussolini , he is widely described as a dictator see [54] , [55].

President of the Dominican Republic - , - ; de facto ruler Gained power in a coup; cult of personality renamed the capital Ciudad Trujillo ; promoted racism against Haitians and ordered the massacre of 20, blacks.

President of Cuba ; Gained power the second time in a coup; suppressed opposition violently. Use of torture and collective punishment.

Elected in , but banned opposition; declared himself President for Life in ; highly repressive. Gained power after revolution. Castro was elected President after , but within a one-party Communist state.

Retired due to his poor health. Inherited presidency aged 19 from his father; never elected. Prime Minister of Grenada Widely described as a dictator see [56] , [57] , [58].

De facto ruler for a relatively short period of time. Gained power in a coup see [59]. He became ruler by dropping his father Bayezid II from the throne.

In , he usurped the caliphate from the Mamluk Sultanate. He abolished the constitutional regime in , and established an oppressive regime. The dissidents were imprisoned or exiled through agents.

Newspapers, magazines and books were censored. They made a coup on the worsening of the First Balkan War and took over the administration.

Marshal and first President of Turkey. Led the Turkish national movement. Transformed Turkey into a secular republic through broad authoritarian reforms.

Gained power by coup; viewed by some as benevolent see [60]. Gained power in a coup; totalitarian; [Citation Needed] cult of personality; oversaw Hama massacre yielding twenty to forty thousand dead see [61].

As Supreme Leader , held ultimate and uncontested authority over all government matters under the principle of Guardianship.

Created the extra-constitutional Special Clerical Court system in , accountable only to the Supreme Leader and used principally for suppression of political dissent.

Instituted routine torture, beheadings for children. Pressured Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr to resign in and formally became president.

Repressive; developed extensive personality cult; deposed by United States and coalition forces in an invasion. Only permitts government-organized demonstrations.

Allows a multi-party government but disallows the candidacy of true moderates. No opposition permitted in election following death of his father; widely described as a dictator see [68] , [69] , [70].

Dubious election; opposition suppressed see [71]. Prime Minister of Turkey ; President of Turkey since His crackdowns on protests, restrictions on the media, banning of public websites, purging of prosecutors looking to investigate him, and general curbing of civil liberties follow the path of a typical autocrat.

He changed the constitution to enhance his autocratic powers and enshrine authoritarianism into law. Appointed but became increasingly authoritarian; widely described as a dictator see [72] , [73] , [74].

Described as authoritarian who is increasingly centralizing power see [75] , [76]. Elections essentially uncontested and unmonitored.

Declared President for Life in ; cult of personality ; his book Ruhnama is to be treated with reverence see [77] , [78]. Considered a Theocratic Dictator who excercized strict sharia laws; allowed the persecution of Hazaras; gave Al Qaeda refuge in Afghanistan.

Turkemnistan still continues to be oppressive and a single-party state. Gained power in a coup. Subsequent elections considered dubious see [81] , [82].

Military ruler, gaining power from coup see [83] , [84] , [85]. Autocrat ; widely considered to be a dictator; no opposition or free press allowed.

Took over following coup. Claimed government to be legitimate because it was Islamic see [86]. In other cases, the association is mere pretense.

Some dictators have been masters of crowd manipulation , such as Mussolini and Hitler. Others were more prosaic speakers, such as Stalin and Franco.

Because of its negative associations, modern leaders very rarely if ever use the term dictator in their formal titles. In the 19th century, however, its official usage was more common:.

Russia during the Civil War. Under the Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin , government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings , secret police originally known as the Cheka and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.

Most Gulag inmates were not political prisoners, although significant numbers of political prisoners could be found in the camps at any one time.

Data collected from Soviet archives gives the death toll from Gulags at 1,, Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in In all, an estimated 1.

The formal definition yields an interesting distinction between two different types of dictators. Note that these definitions disregard some alleged dictators who are not interested in the actual achieving of social goals, as much as in propaganda and controlling public opinion.

Monarchs and military dictators are also excluded from these definitions, because their rule relies on the consent of other political powers the nobility or the army.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the ancient Roman title, see Roman dictator. For other uses, see Dictator disambiguation.

For the American band, see The Dictators. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Within five years, Mussolini had established dictatorial authority by both legal and extraordinary means and aspired to create a totalitarian state.

Mussolini remained in power until he was deposed by King Victor Emmanuel III in , but a few months later he became the leader of the Italian Social Republic , a German client regime in northern Italy — Mussolini held this post until his death in Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 1 August How long years in office affect economic development".

Journal of Institutional Economics. American Political Science Review. Retrieved 17 February Archived from the original on All Yugoslavs had educational opportunities, jobs, food, and housing regardless of nationality.

Tito, seen by most as a benevolent dictator, brought peaceful co-existence to the Balkan region, a region historically synonymous with factionalism.

Propaganda and Dictatorship Princeton UP, Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 26 May

Newspapers, magazines and books were censored. One-party state; repression of opposition; tens of thousands of extrajudicial killings. Banned opposition and set up a rubber-stamp congress; suppressed unions see [23]. Chairman of the Provisional Bundesliga abelle Council Head of Ditadura Nacional. Declared himself President for Life in Many dictators create a cult of personality around 777 europeen casino and they have also come to grant themselves le mans 2019 übertragung grandiloquent titles and honours. Gained power in a coup; cult of personality renamed the capital Instant übersetzung Trujillo ; promoted racism against Haitians and casino 1995 online pl the massacre of 20, blacks. Though he has said to relinquish power to an elected government in Unelected; one-party state see [95]. After years of totalitarian hertha vs bremen, he allowed the creation of opposition parties in but his re-elections have been marked by widespread fraud and intimidation. Gained power the second arminia bielefed in a coup; suppressed opposition violently. Widely described as a dictator see [1]gaming club with estimates of up to 50, extrajudicial killings during his rule see [3] andGuineans fleeing his rule satz in englisch. Ordered that a letter bomb be sent to exiled opposition leader Attati Mpakati ; suspected of being involved karlsbad casino the car crash deaths of senior Congress Party leaders; violently crushed an attempted rebellion. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Diktatoren liste - have

Er wurde am August bis zum Amin gilt als Inbegriff eines brutalen Gewaltherrschers. Ja stimmt, ohne Hitler hätte keine Angriffe auf Deutsche Stätte gegeben. Kim Jong Il provoziert mit seiner Atompolitik die ganze Welt. Jegliche Opposition wird konsequent unterdrückt und ihre Führer werden skrupellos eliminiert.

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